BathshebaThe Woman in 3D Printing figure I am delighted to present in the blog today is the well-known Bathsheba. I am not sure I have to present her, but if I had to, I would say she is one of the few using mathematics for sculptural and artistic purpose. Resulting of her work, some amazing sculptures, oftenly 3D printed.

Bathsheba, could you let us know about your background?

Bathsheba: My art training and interests lie in sculpture. However, if I happen to make small sculptures and people think of them as jewelry, I’m fine with that.

I began with a BS in mathematics, then an MFA in sculpture, studying all the foundry and fabrication techniques that I don’t use now, because we have 3D printing instead. But I’ve found that knowledge valuable: casting, chasing, ceramic firing, etc. are routine postprocesses now, so we’re designing for those techniques as well as for the printing itself. If one doesn’t know something about them, there’s risk of not using them to their full effectiveness; not to mention of designing impossible objects.

How did you get into 3D Printing?

Bathsheba: My designs are all undercuts, all the time. Traditional casting techniques are difficult, expensive, often actually impossible for the kinds of things I make. This was even more true when I was doing more strictly mathematical work in the late 1990’s. I had a very strong incentive to try the new technology because the old technology simply didn’t do what I wanted.

Do you think being a woman helps you in this industry?

Bathsheba: Early on I think it did. Traditional metal sculpture as well as mathematics are supermajority-male fields, as was 3D printing in its early days, so I was accustomed to that environment. And I’d guess that the uniqueness of being not only among few artists working with 3DP, but also (I think) the only woman using it for mathematical art, made me more memorable than I might otherwise have been.

I think it matters less now. The Internet is a great leveler, and 3D printing has developed very largely in that post-f2f world.

To the extent that it _does_ matter, I think it’s less of a plus now. I do see designers tending to aggregate in gender-based ways, women doing jewelry and men doing model trains, which I’m a bit sorry about. And as we know now the Internet also enables discrimination; the hate culture that we see now hadn’t developed when I was starting out. But of course that’s true across all industries, and I’d guess less of a problem in 3DP-land than in many others

Anything you would like to share with our readers (in particular with our female readers)?

Bathsheba: Courage, persistence.  There are certainly easier ways to make money than as a designer!  It’s probably easier to make money than to do the best work you’re capable of.  Think carefully about which you want more…you might get both, but don’t bet the farm on it.

Do you want to know more about Bathsheba? You can visit her website.


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Nora is a 3D Printing expert since 2010, particularly skilled at building strategic alliances and strong business relationships.
Named among the 20 most influential women in Additive Manufacturing every year since 2015, Nora also received the Certificate of Honor in Manufacturing by the City of San Francisco in 2017 for her work with Women in 3D Printing, and was awarded Community Advocate of the year 2018 by her peers.

She started her career in Additive Manufacturing in 2010 by joining 3D Printing service leader, Sculpteo.

Nora joined Ivaldi Group in 2018. Ivaldi Group leverages cutting-edge additive manufacturing solutions to provide on-site parts on demand services for various industries. Drawing on a breadth of additive manufacturing industry experience, Ivaldi Group works across a range of stakeholders to digitize product portfolios and improve cost, risk and delivery for all parties, providing a Part Replacement as a Service solution.
As the VP of Strategy, Nora works closely with the CEO to build and implement the company's strategies in various segments: from core business value to customer relationship and parts production and delivery.

Nora founded Women in 3D Printing in 2014 to promote women leaders in the Additive Manufacturing industry. She also co-initiated and co-organizes #3DTalk, an industry-specific and educational event series featuring women in the 3D Printing and related industries. #3DTalks are global events hosted in various cities across the USA and Europe.

Pursuing her vision for more social inclusion, she joined 3D Africa as Board Advisor. 3D Africa is a youth and women economic empowerment program developed by the Youth for Technology Foundation (YTF), a nonprofit organization with years of experience combining education, technology, and economic development to transform economically challenged populations into self-sustainable communities. 3D Africa is part of the YTF’s Clinton Global Initiative 2016 Commitment to Action.

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